ESL Games for Adults


Subject: Can vs Could


Skills: Speaking, Listening

Level: Elementary

Recommended Age: 18+

Number of Participants: 4-12 players

Time: 10-15 minutes

Place: Any

Equipment: Not required

Materials: Not required

Preliminary Preparation: Not required

Immediate Preparation (1-5 minutes).

1. If possible, arrange the game participants so tha they are sitting or standing in a circle or a semi-circle in front of the board.

2. Ask the players to take it in turns saying what they could not do a decade ago, but can do now.

3. In order to give an example, you can say, e.g.:


'A decade ago I could not play tennis, but I can do it now!'


For weaker groups, you can write it on the board.

How to Play. A typical game might start something like this:

Player A: A decade ago I could not drive a car, but I can do it now!

Player B: A decade ago I could not bake cakes, but I can do it now!'

and so on around the circle.

Of course, the sentences must not be repeated during the whole competition! A player, who cannot make an appropriate sentence, drops out of the game. The activity continues around the circle as long as only one paticipant is left. This last remaining player becomes the winner of the game.